Mudanças climáticas

Climate Change and Carbon Market

Over the last two centuries, the concentration of GHG in the atmosphere (mainly carbon dioxide, methane gas and nitrous oxide) has been increasing as a result of the intensification of human activities such as fossil fuel use, agricultural production, deforestation, industrial processes and transportation. Some studies estimate that in the last hundred years the average temperature of the planet has risen by approximately 1 ° C, resulting in obvious impacts on human health, ecosystems and economic activities.

The various international meetings held to mitigate the impacts of climate change have led to the development of the Kyoto Protocol, a document that specifies emission reduction targets for developed countries. Then was born the Carbon Market, in which developing countries, such as Brazil, can create projects to reduce or capture emissions voluntarily; These reductions can be sold to developed countries that have reduction targets through the commercialization of carbon credits.

1 carbon credit = 1 tonne of CO2 equivalent

In addition to investments, these projects are a way to promote sustainable development in countries through not only environmental but also social gains.